The term “Creole” originally referred to descendants of Portuguese settlers who were born and raised overseas. Now the term is mainly dominated by people of mixed ancestry, referring to a mother tongue formed by the interaction between two languages from an earlier pidgin stage. The earliest known attestation of any creole language came from Martinique in 1671, just as the French were permanently settling in Saint Domingue. Haitian Creole, or Kreyol, emerged from contact between French settlers and African slaves during the Atlantic Slave Trade in Haiti. In addition, white settlers picked up the language. Haitians now encompass the largest Creole-community in the world.
When “Creole” is referred to in this assessment, it is referring to the Haitian Creole language when capitalized.